Why the need for lawyers never will go away

For thousands of years, lawyers have been playing a central role in solving conflicts in a humanitarian and just way. Below, I will argue that our need for them is never going to go away.

 

The Roman Empire

In Ancient Rome, private individuals who had sufficient financial means would often pay an experienced debater/lawyer to plead their case to the public. Often, if the lawyer was skilled enough in rhetorics and legal matters, they could even be counted on to win a case that should not be won, for example by proving that someone was innocent when they in fact were not, and the like (which is not very ideal in regards of “justly” judging people in the court). 

 

The Viking Age

When disputes arose between different household owners during the Viking Age – often about a piece of land – the outcome was usually one of these two: a fight to the death between the disputants, or the solving of their conflict. The former would often lead to blood revenge, and entire families resolving to kill each other, which led to endless cycles of violence. The latter would mean that one or both of the parties would go to the local chieftain, who was advised by the lawgiver of the town in legal decisions. The lawgiver acted as the different parties’ “lawyer” by providing the chieftain with their own viewpoint on the basis of their legal expertise and experience. 

 

Now

In the 21st century, we have come a long way when it comes to what happens in the court, and rightfully punishing people for their wrongdoings while not punishing those who are innocent. What certainly seems to be out of the question, is that the need for lawyers will go away. 

 

The lawyer’s job has come to be about assessing a case that the client brings and giving advice on how the case can be followed up. If the lawyer has private individuals as clients, the cases may concern, for example, questions of inheritance, divorce, or neighbor conflict. Lawyers who work with business law and have companies and large companies as clients are used, among other things, as advisers in negotiations and when agreements are written.

 

In other words, lawyers are used in countless different areas. One especially popular type of lawyer in Norway is the eiendomsadvokat Stavanger, who follows up on all matters regarding real estate. 

 

Often, the client’s case can be resolved without ever going to court (though hopefully in more peaceful ways than a fight to the death, such as in the Viking Age). Sometimes this happens through mediation, and many lawyers have continuing education in legal mediation.

 

If a conflict can only be resolved by taking it to court, it will be a lawyer who leads the case. Both parties to a conflict will then have a lawyer to represent them, and the lawyer’s job is to present the best arguments for his client.

 

One thing is for sure: the need for lawyers will never go away, as the field has existed for thousands of years, it is expanding, and new needs are coming up as a result of the rapid technological, political, and social development which is taking place. 

How Research is Conducted in Criminal Justice

Criminal justice research is one of the key components in building an effective criminal justice system. Research can undoubtedly aid in formulating better and more innovative laws and systems in the criminal justice sector. Ultimately, such skills help criminal justice practitioners assist and support in the creation of more efficient and effective systems and policies. It also helps them analyze existing policies, programs, and reforms that are being followed by the criminal justice sector. Thus, criminal justice research allows professionals to improve the efficiency of their respective departments.

Criminal Justice

There are several criminal justice research facilities and programs existing nowadays. They have been assisting scholars and researchers in numerous fields. Some of the fields in which criminal justice research helps include child safety, juvenile delinquency, policing and corrections, sexual abuse, pornography, and drug abuse. Some of the areas in which this research helps are probation enforcement, justice administration and crime prevention. Understanding the roots of criminal behavior is necessary in order to curtail crimes.

Ways in Which Research in Criminal Justice Is Conducted

Criminal justice research designs typically fall into two categories. One is descriptive, and the other is experimental. Descriptive research designs collect information on offenders through various means. These typically include interviews, surveys, and in-depth studies with focus groups.

On the other hand, experimental research designs collect data on crime rates, patterns, and trends. The data is then analyzed using various methods. Criminological experts usually use survey methods as part of their research designs. A great example of a socio-scientific study on criminology is the study of mass school dropouts. A major portion of this group falls below the poverty line and has low educational levels and joblessness. The causes attributed to such low levels of social mobility were then drawn from the social sciences and the academic literature.

Empirical data collection

However, it should be noted that most theories regarding crime and delinquency are empirical in nature. This means that these theories are created on the basis of existing facts. Such empirical data collection can be done through the use of statistics, survey methods, and qualitative methodologies. In essence, criminological experts conduct theory construction and then test the hypotheses using quantitative methods. A vast majority of scholars rely on quantitative data collection and theoretical constructions.

Statistical Analysis

There are numerous benefits of incorporating statistical analysis in criminal justice research. Among these is the use of specific variables to study associations between variables and offender characteristics. Another popular area of inquiry in criminological studies is the use of a mixed-method approach wherein experts from various disciplines are brought together to address a single problem or issue. These approaches have enabled scholars to shed new light on pressing issues in public safety and criminology.

How research in criminal justice helps society

In line with this endeavor, criminologists have also conducted several studies aiming to develop a better understanding of the legal system, increase the effectiveness of the legal system in addressing public security concerns, and improve the efficiency of the judicial system in dealing with claims made by victims of crime. To date, there have been several researches focusing on studying the link between public safety and the effectiveness of the legal system in addressing crimes and devising ways to prevent crime. One of the latest researches focused on examining the deterrence of burglary by exploring the relationship between neighborhood demographics, economic development and crime rates.

Quantitative methods

Quantitative methods are essential in studying criminal offenders, analyzing the legal system, and studying the influence of the media on the public perception of safety. This type of research helps criminologists gain a deeper understanding of the criminal offenders and the influences that they have upon society. This learning research can be useful to law enforcement agencies and other officials charged with the responsibility of maintaining order and deterring criminals.

In addition, these methods can be beneficial to academics studying the social structure and culture of an area and the role that the criminal justice system plays in maintaining it. Criminologists may also use this type of learning research to understand issues that concern the prevention of crime and address pressing issues related to crime.